ELGIN STONE MASON COLLEGE CONCEPT
       
     
 Timber is considered a sustainable building material and therefore has experienced a renaissance in the recent decades. Timber is renewable and already contains CO2, making it a highly sustainable building material.   
       
     
 Building construction and the use of built spaces are two major factors in the worldwide emission of CO2. By this is meant the production of building materials on the one hand, and the heating and conditioning of buildings on the other. In view of the natural properties of wood, timber construction provides scope for ameliorating this situation. As part of their growth, trees absorb carbon dioxide, which is stored in the timber cut from them. A cubic metre of wood, for example, contains one tonne of CO2.   
       
     
 In the 1920’s, Germans attempted to use a lightweight and affordable timber frame in their construction. Because timber frames are affordable and ecological, they are perfectly suited for use to Europe to date; the prefabricated panel construction system has proven to be the most suitable method when compared to on-site fabrication. The main differences are the degree of prefabrication and the size of the panel. There are small panels which are a storey high and one unit in width. The next size of available panels is one storey high and a room or a building wide. The largest panels are a building high and a building wide in size. The last degree of prefabrication is an entire module which forms a room or even an entire storey and can been stacked above or beside each other.     The degree of prefabrication on the stonemason college can be very high. The reason for that is the geometry of the building is based on a 3 x 3 metre grid. Apart from the masonry wall every other component can be manufactured of site. The floor construction, consisting of a timber member and a concrete member can also be prefabricated. The timber sections can be installed and the concrete be pored on top in situ.
       
     
 The degree of prefabrication on the stonemason college can be very high. The reason for that is the geometry of the building is based on a 3 x 3 metre grid. Apart from the masonry wall every other component can be manufactured of site. The floor construction, consisting of a timber member and a concrete member can also be prefabricated. The timber sections can be installed and the concrete be pored on top in situ.    
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
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	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
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	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    The stonemason college uses technical elements of two main timber construction techniques which are explained in the following paragraphs. There is a mixture of both techniques within the building, simply to provide a strong structural appearance. 
       
     
   
  
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table.MsoNormalTable
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	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
     
       
     
   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
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	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
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	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    This traditional method of building with timber, seldom used today, is based on a relatively small module with diagonal braces in the plane of the walls. We see the first signs of prefabrication in this form of construction. The load bearing and separating functions are united in the same plane within the wall.  The entire structure is based on a three-dimensional grid. Assembling on site requires a high degree of preparation (cutting and forming connections) because there are no metal supported connections. The general building height is limited due to short vertical members - the posts. The only construction technique that demonstrates this problem being overcome is the Norwegian stave church construction. Horizontal members as the sole plate, typically run along the full building length or width. 
       
     
   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    All connections are traditionally cut and carved by craftsmen. The most common are oblique dado, halving, dovetail, mortise and tenon-joints. These joints are not highly stressed and therefore no metal fixings or support structures are required whatsoever. Every angle need to be cut on to each end to be able to fit to its adjacent component. Occasionally hardwood-dowels were used to rigid or stiffen a connection.  The panes, traditionally filled with either bricks or clay-timber (wattle and daub) panels provide additional lateral stability and act as a vertical slab. This relationship between timber structure and fillings dominates the external appearance of the building. Any openings must be in between the structural members and can not exceed floor to ceiling height.
       
     
   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
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	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    The panes, traditionally filled with either bricks or clay-timber (wattle and daub) panels provide additional lateral stability and act as a vertical slab. This relationship between timber structure and fillings dominates the external appearance of the building. Any openings must be in between the structural members and can not exceed floor to ceiling height.
       
     
   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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    The post and beam structure is dominated by a continuing post generally not more than two storeys high, and a fixed beam in between. The length of the beam is dependant on the structural grid. The grid is usually square in nature and sometimes even forms a cube in the third dimension. Due to short spans between the posts, the structural grid is limited in size and therefore not very flexible.  When compared to traditional systems the post and beam structure requires a more sophisticated fixing system.  The grid dimensions are between 2.5 and 4.0 metres in plan. The loads are transmitted down to either side through the posts which are usually heavy in section. That requires that the ceiling joists change direction in each segment in order to avoid over loading the posts. Any overhanging of the perimeter of the building structures is impossible because of the continuing column. 
       
     
   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    The connections are beam supports or suspended supports used to fasten the cross beams to the posts. The other system is made from track anchors or wood connector anchors. Both systems need to be slotted in to the wood and fastened with nails or screws orthogonally. The secondary beams are fixed through beam hangers to the primary beams. The beam hangers are nailed to the cross beams. The secondary beams which are usually rectangular in section need to be slotted in to position and fastened. All connections are formed as rigid joints but additional bracing is needed in each segment. At the foundation, the post is raised off the ground by at least 150mm and fastened securely through a pillar base to the pile or bore foundation.
       
     
   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
      
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    The relationship between the post and beam structure and the infill panels is not structural, and thus the panels are not load-bearing. If this construction method is chosen, the external appearance should be dominated by the structure. It is generally difficult to maintain the panel surrounding joint. This joint, which is exposed to structural movement as well as weather and other environmental adversity, requires permanent attention and protection.  The involvment of this system in the stonemason college building is the help of connectors. The structural property of traditional connections can be over stretched and the application of contemporary elements will be a benefit to the project. Since most of the infill panels are glass the connectors are very important in order to provide lateral stability.       
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
     
       
     
 SUSTAINABILITY IN RELATION TO CULTURAL ASPECTS  The proposal includes an accommodation block for students with a visitor facility and an education block. These blocks are physically separated but combined through the precinct surrounding the site by three quarters. The relationship between the buildings is defined by the precinct and a large ‘courtyard’ which is penetrated by extensive landscaping from the cathedral side. This will draw the two sites together. The precinct has a guide and protection function. It allows the visitor to be guided around the side and up to the second level where the cafeteria is situated. It also collects solar gain throughout the day and provides a micro climate within it.  The development refers to traditional architecture and respects adjacent buildings in volume and materiality. The proposed materials will include rendered masonry structures and timber structures. The design is focused on pronounced structures due to its immediate context to the cathedral. This means that masonry will form the precinct surrounding the area, while the buildings within it are made from timber frames in a traditional doweled construction technique. Building these facilities, apprentices should be encouraged to participate in an educational program.    
  
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    There seems to be a special need and perhaps some encouragement in order to persuade the local authorities to keep the stonemason college in Elgin open. That is what this scheme is all about. There are plans to move the entire facility to Inverness. The question has to be asked whether there is any relation to the historical trade, like at the cathedral in Elgin, or is that purely a political decision made without being aware of the advantages that exist in the present location. The proximity of a stonemason college to important historical buildings is absolutely crucial to the quality of education that is provided in the facility. Individual apprentices will each come to a point in their apprenticeships when they realise that there is a well defined purpose to their studies. This connection is much more straightforward when everything they learn relates directly to their immediate environment. Understanding that will prepare the individual with knowledge practiced over centuries.  Today’s society is fixated on attempts to solve the problems associated with ‘youth culture’, by doling out things like ASBOs. By building a college that is inspiring because of its integration with its ultimate purpose, perhaps some of those youths will seek another, more productive and creative path for their lives. There is a great deal of satisfaction to be gained from participation in conservation and construction projects that relate to one’s heritage. It is important to provide young people with the opportunity to be inspired by their culture and their environment.   
       
     
   
  
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  This college building employs a relatively new construction system which has ideal structural as well as sustainable properties and there are no limits to the applications of new innovative ways to create timber structures.  Composite structures are becoming more and more necessary to achieve a high density on a small site. Hence, when using timber on multi-storey structures, lateral forces need to be transferred to the ground. Steel or concrete cores take on the structural requirements, but in these cases will not dominate the building as the main material.    Building with timber no longer implies only wood is used as the structural component on the building. During the last decades composite structures with timber, have become more and more common in the construction industry. One reason for this direction is the increasing cost of high-quality timber which forces architects and engineers to head for new innovations. The natural properties of wood are very limited in terms of building to height. However therein lays the advantage of composite structures.  Concrete, for example, in a composition with timber, forms a highly sophisticated construction material. There are three advantages in this combination. The first one is fire resistance, as concrete is a non-combustible material and protects the wood. Secondly, concrete in combination with wood improves the sound protection factor enormously within a structure. And finally, a wall can be reinforced with concrete to increase its structural performance.  Composite structures are taking over the traditional construction methods. Five storey timber structures are not rare anymore. Increasing height requires new techniques to comply with current building regulations.  The explanation of the following construction systems will summarise some of these new methods and also define them as individual systems. Each one of them can be incorporated in traditional construction systems.  There is one notable major change within these new techniques: the application of low-grade timber. Due to the industrialisation of prefabrication, lower-grade timber - which in the past was only suitable for pulp and paper - can now be used. This is particular important to Scotland and the whole of the UK since high grade timber is difficult to find and needs to be imported. This system will be incorporated in the raised floor slabs of both buildings.      
       
     
 System  Timber stack elements are solid, slab or panel like and made from boards. These boards are nailed or glued together in a vertical arrangement. The elements form the primary structure for walls, floors and roofs. The finish can be natural, clad or insulated. Timber stack elements can also be components of timber-concrete composite structures.  Although it seems that this technology uses a lot of wood and is therefore not very sustainable, the timber boards used in prefabrication are generally comprised of cheap off-cuts in any saw-mill. Therefore using this type of construction is arguably highly-sustainable due to its use of recycled or waste material. External walls have to be insulated on the outside due to thermal properties.  Generally this construction technique does not require highly skilled labour which makes it a very economical means of construction. It can be manufacture on site as well as here proposed of site in sections.  Connections  Generally at the timber-stack construction, all timber elements are nailed together. Usually the timber elements are between 20 to 70mm thick and 150 to 200mm wide, arranged vertically. Sometimes there are bolt connections required, which run internally through the entire length of the stack.
       
     
 Relationship of elements  The construction technique is similar to the   Cross-banded Panel Construction with one important difference: the wall elements are only one storey high. The walls act as a vertical slab and therefore as a long post, carrying the next floor slab.  Internal unit division walls can be executed as a cavity wall and filled with concrete to comply with the building regulations for Resistance to the passage of sound and fire .       
       
     
ELGIN STONE MASON COLLEGE CONCEPT
       
     
ELGIN STONE MASON COLLEGE CONCEPT

New innovations clearly dictate the direction and developments are ongoing. Design methods are no longer limited by the vernacular in a particular region. The individual who wants to be in the design-forefront struggles to determine the best approach, because of the vast variety of methods on the market and the high expectations of clients. The design for the stonemason college has a clear relation to structures and expresses such with timber elements as well as with the masonry wall or precinct tying the buildings together. The aim was from the beginning to keep structural elements and components simple in order to provide a modest building not compeating with the remains of the cathedral.

 

 

 Timber is considered a sustainable building material and therefore has experienced a renaissance in the recent decades. Timber is renewable and already contains CO2, making it a highly sustainable building material.   
       
     

Timber is considered a sustainable building material and therefore has experienced a renaissance in the recent decades. Timber is renewable and already contains CO2, making it a highly sustainable building material.

 

 Building construction and the use of built spaces are two major factors in the worldwide emission of CO2. By this is meant the production of building materials on the one hand, and the heating and conditioning of buildings on the other. In view of the natural properties of wood, timber construction provides scope for ameliorating this situation. As part of their growth, trees absorb carbon dioxide, which is stored in the timber cut from them. A cubic metre of wood, for example, contains one tonne of CO2.   
       
     

Building construction and the use of built spaces are two major factors in the worldwide emission of CO2. By this is meant the production of building materials on the one hand, and the heating and conditioning of buildings on the other. In view of the natural properties of wood, timber construction provides scope for ameliorating this situation. As part of their growth, trees absorb carbon dioxide, which is stored in the timber cut from them. A cubic metre of wood, for example, contains one tonne of CO2.

 

 In the 1920’s, Germans attempted to use a lightweight and affordable timber frame in their construction. Because timber frames are affordable and ecological, they are perfectly suited for use to Europe to date; the prefabricated panel construction system has proven to be the most suitable method when compared to on-site fabrication. The main differences are the degree of prefabrication and the size of the panel. There are small panels which are a storey high and one unit in width. The next size of available panels is one storey high and a room or a building wide. The largest panels are a building high and a building wide in size. The last degree of prefabrication is an entire module which forms a room or even an entire storey and can been stacked above or beside each other.     The degree of prefabrication on the stonemason college can be very high. The reason for that is the geometry of the building is based on a 3 x 3 metre grid. Apart from the masonry wall every other component can be manufactured of site. The floor construction, consisting of a timber member and a concrete member can also be prefabricated. The timber sections can be installed and the concrete be pored on top in situ.
       
     

In the 1920’s, Germans attempted to use a lightweight and affordable timber frame in their construction. Because timber frames are affordable and ecological, they are perfectly suited for use to Europe to date; the prefabricated panel construction system has proven to be the most suitable method when compared to on-site fabrication. The main differences are the degree of prefabrication and the size of the panel. There are small panels which are a storey high and one unit in width. The next size of available panels is one storey high and a room or a building wide. The largest panels are a building high and a building wide in size. The last degree of prefabrication is an entire module which forms a room or even an entire storey and can been stacked above or beside each other.

 

The degree of prefabrication on the stonemason college can be very high. The reason for that is the geometry of the building is based on a 3 x 3 metre grid. Apart from the masonry wall every other component can be manufactured of site. The floor construction, consisting of a timber member and a concrete member can also be prefabricated. The timber sections can be installed and the concrete be pored on top in situ.

 The degree of prefabrication on the stonemason college can be very high. The reason for that is the geometry of the building is based on a 3 x 3 metre grid. Apart from the masonry wall every other component can be manufactured of site. The floor construction, consisting of a timber member and a concrete member can also be prefabricated. The timber sections can be installed and the concrete be pored on top in situ.    
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
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	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
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	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
       
     

The degree of prefabrication on the stonemason college can be very high. The reason for that is the geometry of the building is based on a 3 x 3 metre grid. Apart from the masonry wall every other component can be manufactured of site. The floor construction, consisting of a timber member and a concrete member can also be prefabricated. The timber sections can be installed and the concrete be pored on top in situ.

   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
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	mso-style-parent:"";
	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
      
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
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	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
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	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    The stonemason college uses technical elements of two main timber construction techniques which are explained in the following paragraphs. There is a mixture of both techniques within the building, simply to provide a strong structural appearance. 
       
     

The stonemason college uses technical elements of two main timber construction techniques which are explained in the following paragraphs. There is a mixture of both techniques within the building, simply to provide a strong structural appearance. 

   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
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	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
     
       
     

 

   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
	mso-style-priority:99;
	mso-style-parent:"";
	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    This traditional method of building with timber, seldom used today, is based on a relatively small module with diagonal braces in the plane of the walls. We see the first signs of prefabrication in this form of construction. The load bearing and separating functions are united in the same plane within the wall.  The entire structure is based on a three-dimensional grid. Assembling on site requires a high degree of preparation (cutting and forming connections) because there are no metal supported connections. The general building height is limited due to short vertical members - the posts. The only construction technique that demonstrates this problem being overcome is the Norwegian stave church construction. Horizontal members as the sole plate, typically run along the full building length or width. 
       
     

This traditional method of building with timber, seldom used today, is based on a relatively small module with diagonal braces in the plane of the walls. We see the first signs of prefabrication in this form of construction. The load bearing and separating functions are united in the same plane within the wall.

The entire structure is based on a three-dimensional grid. Assembling on site requires a high degree of preparation (cutting and forming connections) because there are no metal supported connections. The general building height is limited due to short vertical members - the posts. The only construction technique that demonstrates this problem being overcome is the Norwegian stave church construction. Horizontal members as the sole plate, typically run along the full building length or width. 

   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
	mso-style-priority:99;
	mso-style-parent:"";
	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    All connections are traditionally cut and carved by craftsmen. The most common are oblique dado, halving, dovetail, mortise and tenon-joints. These joints are not highly stressed and therefore no metal fixings or support structures are required whatsoever. Every angle need to be cut on to each end to be able to fit to its adjacent component. Occasionally hardwood-dowels were used to rigid or stiffen a connection.  The panes, traditionally filled with either bricks or clay-timber (wattle and daub) panels provide additional lateral stability and act as a vertical slab. This relationship between timber structure and fillings dominates the external appearance of the building. Any openings must be in between the structural members and can not exceed floor to ceiling height.
       
     

All connections are traditionally cut and carved by craftsmen. The most common are oblique dado, halving, dovetail, mortise and tenon-joints. These joints are not highly stressed and therefore no metal fixings or support structures are required whatsoever. Every angle need to be cut on to each end to be able to fit to its adjacent component. Occasionally hardwood-dowels were used to rigid or stiffen a connection.

The panes, traditionally filled with either bricks or clay-timber (wattle and daub) panels provide additional lateral stability and act as a vertical slab. This relationship between timber structure and fillings dominates the external appearance of the building. Any openings must be in between the structural members and can not exceed floor to ceiling height.

   
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
	mso-style-priority:99;
	mso-style-parent:"";
	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
    The panes, traditionally filled with either bricks or clay-timber (wattle and daub) panels provide additional lateral stability and act as a vertical slab. This relationship between timber structure and fillings dominates the external appearance of the building. Any openings must be in between the structural members and can not exceed floor to ceiling height.
       
     

The panes, traditionally filled with either bricks or clay-timber (wattle and daub) panels provide additional lateral stability and act as a vertical slab. This relationship between timber structure and fillings dominates the external appearance of the building. Any openings must be in between the structural members and can not exceed floor to ceiling height.

   
  
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    The post and beam structure is dominated by a continuing post generally not more than two storeys high, and a fixed beam in between. The length of the beam is dependant on the structural grid. The grid is usually square in nature and sometimes even forms a cube in the third dimension. Due to short spans between the posts, the structural grid is limited in size and therefore not very flexible.  When compared to traditional systems the post and beam structure requires a more sophisticated fixing system.  The grid dimensions are between 2.5 and 4.0 metres in plan. The loads are transmitted down to either side through the posts which are usually heavy in section. That requires that the ceiling joists change direction in each segment in order to avoid over loading the posts. Any overhanging of the perimeter of the building structures is impossible because of the continuing column. 
       
     

The post and beam structure is dominated by a continuing post generally not more than two storeys high, and a fixed beam in between. The length of the beam is dependant on the structural grid. The grid is usually square in nature and sometimes even forms a cube in the third dimension. Due to short spans between the posts, the structural grid is limited in size and therefore not very flexible.

When compared to traditional systems the post and beam structure requires a more sophisticated fixing system.

The grid dimensions are between 2.5 and 4.0 metres in plan. The loads are transmitted down to either side through the posts which are usually heavy in section. That requires that the ceiling joists change direction in each segment in order to avoid over loading the posts. Any overhanging of the perimeter of the building structures is impossible because of the continuing column. 

   
  
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    The connections are beam supports or suspended supports used to fasten the cross beams to the posts. The other system is made from track anchors or wood connector anchors. Both systems need to be slotted in to the wood and fastened with nails or screws orthogonally. The secondary beams are fixed through beam hangers to the primary beams. The beam hangers are nailed to the cross beams. The secondary beams which are usually rectangular in section need to be slotted in to position and fastened. All connections are formed as rigid joints but additional bracing is needed in each segment. At the foundation, the post is raised off the ground by at least 150mm and fastened securely through a pillar base to the pile or bore foundation.
       
     

The connections are beam supports or suspended supports used to fasten the cross beams to the posts. The other system is made from track anchors or wood connector anchors. Both systems need to be slotted in to the wood and fastened with nails or screws orthogonally. The secondary beams are fixed through beam hangers to the primary beams. The beam hangers are nailed to the cross beams. The secondary beams which are usually rectangular in section need to be slotted in to position and fastened. All connections are formed as rigid joints but additional bracing is needed in each segment. At the foundation, the post is raised off the ground by at least 150mm and fastened securely through a pillar base to the pile or bore foundation.

   
  
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    The relationship between the post and beam structure and the infill panels is not structural, and thus the panels are not load-bearing. If this construction method is chosen, the external appearance should be dominated by the structure. It is generally difficult to maintain the panel surrounding joint. This joint, which is exposed to structural movement as well as weather and other environmental adversity, requires permanent attention and protection.  The involvment of this system in the stonemason college building is the help of connectors. The structural property of traditional connections can be over stretched and the application of contemporary elements will be a benefit to the project. Since most of the infill panels are glass the connectors are very important in order to provide lateral stability.       
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
	mso-style-priority:99;
	mso-style-parent:"";
	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
     
       
     

The relationship between the post and beam structure and the infill panels is not structural, and thus the panels are not load-bearing. If this construction method is chosen, the external appearance should be dominated by the structure. It is generally difficult to maintain the panel surrounding joint. This joint, which is exposed to structural movement as well as weather and other environmental adversity, requires permanent attention and protection.

The involvment of this system in the stonemason college building is the help of connectors. The structural property of traditional connections can be over stretched and the application of contemporary elements will be a benefit to the project. Since most of the infill panels are glass the connectors are very important in order to provide lateral stability.

 

 SUSTAINABILITY IN RELATION TO CULTURAL ASPECTS  The proposal includes an accommodation block for students with a visitor facility and an education block. These blocks are physically separated but combined through the precinct surrounding the site by three quarters. The relationship between the buildings is defined by the precinct and a large ‘courtyard’ which is penetrated by extensive landscaping from the cathedral side. This will draw the two sites together. The precinct has a guide and protection function. It allows the visitor to be guided around the side and up to the second level where the cafeteria is situated. It also collects solar gain throughout the day and provides a micro climate within it.  The development refers to traditional architecture and respects adjacent buildings in volume and materiality. The proposed materials will include rendered masonry structures and timber structures. The design is focused on pronounced structures due to its immediate context to the cathedral. This means that masonry will form the precinct surrounding the area, while the buildings within it are made from timber frames in a traditional doweled construction technique. Building these facilities, apprentices should be encouraged to participate in an educational program.    
  
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 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
	mso-tstyle-rowband-size:0;
	mso-tstyle-colband-size:0;
	mso-style-noshow:yes;
	mso-style-priority:99;
	mso-style-parent:"";
	mso-padding-alt:0cm 5.4pt 0cm 5.4pt;
	mso-para-margin:0cm;
	mso-para-margin-bottom:.0001pt;
	mso-pagination:widow-orphan;
	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
 
      
  
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   X-NONE 
   
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
   
   
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
    
  
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
   
  
   
 
 /* Style Definitions */
table.MsoNormalTable
	{mso-style-name:"Table Normal";
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	font-size:10.0pt;
	font-family:"Times New Roman",serif;}
       
     

SUSTAINABILITY IN RELATION TO CULTURAL ASPECTS

The proposal includes an accommodation block for students with a visitor facility and an education block. These blocks are physically separated but combined through the precinct surrounding the site by three quarters. The relationship between the buildings is defined by the precinct and a large ‘courtyard’ which is penetrated by extensive landscaping from the cathedral side. This will draw the two sites together. The precinct has a guide and protection function. It allows the visitor to be guided around the side and up to the second level where the cafeteria is situated. It also collects solar gain throughout the day and provides a micro climate within it.

The development refers to traditional architecture and respects adjacent buildings in volume and materiality. The proposed materials will include rendered masonry structures and timber structures. The design is focused on pronounced structures due to its immediate context to the cathedral. This means that masonry will form the precinct surrounding the area, while the buildings within it are made from timber frames in a traditional doweled construction technique. Building these facilities, apprentices should be encouraged to participate in an educational program.